Give me Mr Fuji and paper mache

Gaming didn’t exactly turn Japanesey, it was from the start. The Japanese have been responsible for some of the best known and most respected titles in history, so it’s no wonder the western world were so anxious to hop aboard their coattails and cadge a ride.

We enjoyed or endured various ports of arcade coin-op classics over the years, yet other developers were more oriented towards devising original works, albeit with a Japanese flair. Hence Psygnosis’s Leander.

Actually Psygnosis just published it, whilst Traveller’s Tales were commissioned with the development duties. Imbibing the exquisite visual and audio presentation like a savoured fine malt, it’s an easy trap to fall into. A mistake we’re steered into making, cognisant of the much-loved Liverpudlian outfit’s track record.

Jon Burton and Andy Ingram are credited for its coding, design and enchanting graphics. Simon James for additional creature design, and Tim Wright, Lee Wright, Matthew Simons, and Jon Burton for the music and sound effects.

David Dootson (now studio manager at Traveller’s Tales) was responsible for porting Leander to the Mega Drive where it was known as the Legend of Galahad, this time published by Electronic Arts. Beyond the name switch, it features an overhauled plot, marginally tweaked interface, different music and a more vibrant colour palette.

You play as the eponymous, cutesy, medieval knight, dipped in a vat of anime juice and commanded to go forth and crusade. It’s a traditional ‘prince saves princess’ affair, though unusual for early action game fiction, the plot is expanded over seven pages of the manual to add depth to the 2D characters. It covers their motivations, status in life and connections to one another, wrapped in a whimsical, fantasy land narrative with a pretty bow on top.

I won’t rehash it in its entirety here, just the highlights…

It’s Princess Lucanna’s eighteenth birthday and everyone in Honshu is partying like it’s 1999 in the Temple of Kiromo. Prince (or symbol if you prefer) wasn’t there because he had a prior engagement to attend. He sent his best wishes and apologies.

Anyway, Thanatos. He’s a big bad flying man-dragon hybrid creature who’s been held prisoner beneath the earth for… oh, I don’t know, ages, rises up from his “filthy pit of anguish” (that’s a quote that bit) and vows to avenge his mistreatment. It doesn’t say what he did to deserve this, only that he’s proper evil.

Wait, “a thousand years” it says here. That’s how long death has been trapped down there for. These people must be very old. Death is the English translation of Thanatos, a character from Greek mythology. Did I mention that?

Princess Lucanna is the emperor’s daughter, that’s important too. And I should have said Leander is the captain of the guards who protect her from harmful stuff, well, all except for mouldy old dragons. No-one expects a birthday shindig to be gate-crashed by a giant dragon. Not even a little one that would fit inside a Kinder Egg, or the Spanish Inquisition come to think of it.

Leander secretly loves Lucanna and she secretly loves him back, in secret. It’s all super hush-hush because he thinks he’ll lose his noggin if daddy rumbles them. You know how it is; paupers aren’t supposed to cavort with royalty.

Thanatos isn’t the lovey-dovey type so doesn’t think twice about kidnapping Lucanna and retreating back to his lair to feel smug. Oh, and to replenish his life force by sapping hers.

In the meantime, Emperor Entoroshi (that’s Lucanna’s daddy), summons Leander knowing he’s got the hots for his daughter, and commands him to go and fetch her back and duff up Thanatos.

Entoroshi informs Leander that his mystical aid, Janoon, will assist him by sending her three Sirens as guides. We don’t find out what happened to the pet dog Cousin, Susonne, gave to Lucanna as a birthday present. It doesn’t even have a name, poor thing.

Leander (or ‘Lion-Man’ if you prefer), like Thanatos, is the name of a character from Greek mythology, though otherwise, their stories bear little resemblance. That is beyond both being in a relationship involving people of diametrically opposed social standing that goes a bit awry. Traveller’s Tales’ Leander got the better deal I think; at least he didn’t drown.

Traveller’s Tales – trivia fans – is the name of a chapter in Cosmos, a book written by Carl Sagan. So now you know.

Also – trivia-lly speaking – the end credits of Leander indicate that it was to be granted a sequel entitled ‘Tigrander’ (‘Tiger-Man’), though it never came to fruition. Perhaps we should start at the beginning, as I believe is the tradition. This isn’t Memento.

Leander is a traditional scrolling platformer at its core with few novelties to call its own. You wander in any one of the eight directional possibilities, engaging various weapons to vanquish enemies, upgrade them in sparsely located torture huts hosted by an elfin-like maid, and defeat end-of-level bosses, who put in an appearance just prior to commencing the next explorey bit. That’s how that works.

In addition to swapping coins and jewels for death-dealing devices such as force, tempest and lion blades, armour upgrades and magic potions, said Sirens serve as our tour guides on the road to Damascus. Preceding each stage they lay out what’s expected of us. Invariably this entails recovering an object such as a crown or key from a chest guarded by otherworldly miscreants. Then bringing it back to the extreme opposite end of the level to use it.

If it all gets a bit much to bear, you might like to consider suicide by rune bomb. No, really – crouch while holding down the fire button until the Almighty Bar of Doom fills up, then release it to witness the explosive results. This delivers twenty hit points to any opponents in proximity, instantly annihilating them; the minor drawback being that you’re considered collateral damage. In effect, you might like to ensure you can spare a life before pulling the plug, and are also really desperate. In fact, you’re physically unable to deploy rune bombs if you’re down to your last life, which seems pretty logical. Should you use one to destroy a boss, they generously leave a 1up behind, helping you to get back on track.

Once you’ve bagged a level’s designated object an icon appears in the top right corner of the screen to indicate the job’s a good ‘un and you’re ready to locate the portal to the next stage. However, fail to collect it swiftly enough and the sought after object transforms into a skull that summons Thanatos’s Ethereal Presence out from under his rock when pocketed. You’ll need several rune bombs to destroy it – just the one will only cause him to change direction.

Three selectable levels of difficulty – accompanied by an appropriate allocation of armour hit points and enemy AI competency on a sliding scale – ensure the game can be tweaked to accommodate players of varying platforming prowess.

Rather than an energy bar, the state of Leander’s health is communicated via the colour of his armour. We begin as a dark knight (no, not Batman, he won’t be born for several centuries), and as we absorb hits gradually become more light and colourful. A lovely purple hue denotes the final straw, after which we expire, fragmenting into a kaleidoscope of metal shards.

This was unusual, though certainly not unique; Capcom did something similar with Ghosts ‘n’ Goblins way back in 1985, and it’s not the only example. Interestingly this system was substituted with a traditional energy bar for the Mega Drive port.

Another welcome bonus is two-button joystick support. With the right peripherals you can use one button to jump, and another for buckling your swash as you dodge protruding spikes and navigate eerie caves on the lookout for that elusive holy grail.

As in Shadow of the Beast, unexpectedly being poked with sharp objects is a recurring theme, one that’s referred to several times in the manual. On one occasion it gives advice on avoiding “getting a spike up his bum”… which is why I can’t get the image of Edward II’s barbaric execution out of my head. Thanks Jon!

Judging by the familiarity of the mammoth insects, another game from which we can draw parallels – as pointed out by Dan Waddington of Lemon Amiga fame – is the graphically seductive Lionheart. Nonetheless, as this was released two years after Leander, any inspiration derived would have flowed in the opposite direction.

Let’s hope you’re packing something more potent than Bug Away when you meet these critters! Luckily Leander doesn’t share any of our furry-faced chum’s unfortunate ineptitude in the handling department.


Once you’ve adapted to the slight floaty inertia and occasionally janky AI in effect you’ll find the controls, in general, have been competently fine-tuned, making the protagonist a joy to chaperone. All that will hamper you in this regard is the inability to fire while crouching. I expect that was introduced as a deliberate Achilles heel to accentuate the challenge, though it’s simply frustrating and seems very unnatural.

If all that bunny-hopping gets a bit tiring, en route you can rest your weary bones by climbing aboard a horse and cart. Once aligned with the otherwise unreachable platform above, it can be used as a springboard to progression. Don’t be concerned that the horse isn’t technically connected to the cart; it’s magic!

If you’re running certain cracked versions of the game your ride fails to materialise, leaving you up the creek without a horse. It doesn’t appear that this formed part of its devious copyright protection system, it’s just a glitch introduced by third parties.

Another similar gotcha occurs later where a crucial platform becomes permeable and therefore useless if you aren’t playing a genuine copy (or a more effectively cracked counterfeit). This one definitely is a deliberate impediment courtesy of the developers. Jon Burton explains precisely how this mechanism works in a highly technical video featured on his own YouTube channel. I’m sure the coders amongst you will get a kick out of that.

“The crack uses the extra chip ram. The original game runs in the base 512kb memory. I used so much memory there wasn’t enough room for them to crack it and stay in memory, hence the extra 512kb for the hack. Although if you had the 512kb extra I used it for the shop so it didn’t need to load midlevel.

The missing platform was copy protection to effectively turn the game into a demo. I knew whoever cracked it wouldn’t test beyond the first few levels. I also doubled the enemy hit points if cracked…”

Coder and founder of Traveller’s Tales, Jon Burton

All this clever self-sabotage explains why there are so many variants of Leander doing the rounds online. You know how it is; group x takes great delight in declaring group y’s crack to be botched and so attempt to remedy the situation with their own release.

I don’t imagine any of this converted pirate ‘purchases’ into legitimate ones as most players would assume the game was broken, or they were incompetent, and simply never bother with it again. I suppose though it had more to do with the developers getting one over on the pirates and freeloaders, which is perfectly understandable.

Assuming you knew what was crippling the game, the best way to be sure you could play it from start to finish without being hobbled by the copy protection was to buy the genuine article, thus rewarding the developers for their blood, sweat and tears. I’m sure there was plenty shed of each in this case. It’s hardly a ten-minute AMOS tutorial exercise!

‘Epic quest’ seems an appropriate way to describe what lies ahead. It’s therefore fortunate that you respawn where you died, and level access codes are offered to allow you to return to previously encountered levels without having to start again from scratch. With 3 worlds, each broken up into 7 levels, there’s plenty to sink your teeth into. Which would be the perfect cue to mention that Traveller’s Tales also developed the SNES and Mega Drive versions of Bram Stoker’s Dracula on behalf of Psygnosis, except I’ve already written a book on that one, so I won’t.

Most people will never get to experience the later, more creative levels of Leander’s expansive universe because the difficulty curve is brutally steep, and the (selectively) respawning opposition unrelenting. You were unquestionably getting your money’s worth if you bought this at full price upon release. Unless of course you gave up at the first hurdle, threw a tantrum and hurled the disks in the nearest moat.

Leander employs hardware sprites to ensure the animation remains silky smooth at all times, perfectly complimenting the studiously polished presentation evidenced throughout.

Leander’s quest kicks off with a cinematic, animated introduction sequence depicting our hero charging ferociously towards a rippling-muscled orc-like creature, amidst a decaying forest. We rapidly cut to this static demi-nemesis deer in the headlights, whilst an abrupt auditory transition subdues the tension-infused soundtrack as he prepares to absorb the onslaught and protect his territory.

Flipping momentarily back to Leander’s perspective and his climactic signature motif, the anxiety is ratcheted back up as he closes in for the kill. A blinding fluorescence punctuates the fatal clash as a shrill cry pierces the gloom.

From entrance to demise, the premium grade quality never slips. Case in point, even the plume on our protagonist’s helmet is meticulously animated, while dancing text broadcasting the game over and continue screen message is beautifully stylised. If you followed the demo scene back then, these will certainly be a nostalgic nod to your well-spent youth.

The not quite as pretty Atari ST version. See if you can spot the missing colour gradients in the background. No prizes mind you.


Attention to detail extends to including cameos from Lemmings and Killing Game Show sprites, as mentioned in the opening credits. A nice touch for Psygnosis fans, though it’s not much of an Easter egg if you announce their inclusion from the outset. Where’s the element of surprise?

Ambient weather effects, undulating waves and the semi-transparent static of the denim-textured waterfalls are the icing on the cake.



You could say, if the visuals are the icing, the equally absorbing audio must be the marzipan. Though that would just be nuts. I’ll pause here a while to let the applause dissipate…..

Thank you.

No, honesty-really-properly though, the music is top-notch. Leander incorporates 11 memorable tunes and upwards of 60 equally striking sound effects. Together they engender an atmosphere of intrigue, though unlike Shadow of the Beast, there’s no undercurrent of foreboding intrepidation beyond the opening introduction. Here the earlier tunes are breezy and dainty, jazzed up later by a dalliance with gloriously inappropriate electronica.

Nonetheless, the tracks intrinsically linked to Leander evoke scenes of polite, medieval, sovereign banquets, rather than savage battles with fire-breathing dragons, goblin archers and steely-gazed knights.

Galahad tries his hand at dragon taming in the Mega Drive port.


Yet if instilling a sense of dread was the goal I don’t suppose we’d find ourselves pitted against elves dropping bombs from pedalo-powered hot air balloons.

…or strongmen sporting Speedos and rolling barrels into your path a la Donkey Kong.

Seeing as simultaneous sound effects and music isn’t an option in the Amiga version (it is if you’re playing on the Mega Drive), we are at least treated to the opportunity to appreciate each individually on its own merits. This, as you might expect, programmer, Jon Burton, has revealed to be due to the limitation of available memory resources. Nevertheless, if you were a computer hardware retailer back in the early ’90s and needed a game to showcase your wares, Leander would no doubt register high on the list of contenders.

Despite enjoying a mostly warm reception from the critics, and reaching number 5 in the Gallup sales charts in March 1992 (see C&VG), fundamentally, what it lacks is innovation and variety. Even back in 1991, Leander wasn’t pushing any boundaries. Nevertheless, while it only seeks to reinvent the wheel, there’s no denying Leander embellishes it with some spectacular hub caps, captivating contemporary gamers even today.

I’m just standing here watching the wheels go round and round, I really love to watch them roll.


Accordingly, Leander duplicates the polish of many console games of the era without weighing in to match the addictive gameplay or longevity. All of which explains why it’s so fondly remembered for its arresting visual and aural artistry, and otherwise sidelined as just another humdrum platformer in need of a USP.

12 thoughts on “Give me Mr Fuji and paper mache

  • July 15, 2018 at 3:52 pm

    I admit that I know the theme tune better than I know the game. One I will have to try. What an interesting take on copy protection, wonder if any other games took a similar approach.

    • July 18, 2018 at 4:47 am

      I know there are a few that throw a spanner in the works if you’re using a cracked version. The one that springs to mind at the moment is Gods, which ramps up the difficulty to a silly degree. It would be an interesting topic to explore anyway.

  • July 18, 2018 at 6:21 am

    It’s funny I mentioned this or Puggsy during the AMIGAThon as requests if theres room at the end for a charity workers choice and we get The Dream talking about one.

    Dream is on the case even though it’s a text only as far. I actually like Dreamkatcha’s approach of making the texts before the videos gets us to visit the site if it’s in text first and then if he makes it we watch the videos a few days to a week later.

  • July 18, 2018 at 6:43 am

    Puggsy is much harder of a history though he made a Psygnosis Demo Production first where they called themselves Dionysus another Krisellis and Psygnosis spin off brand just for Demoscenes.

    Then he’s Megadrive code was built on an A1200 just for coding for the Megadrive version where if you stomped you had to press down in this version of you die but as it was built on AGA code for Megadrive the graphics were a lot better colourings.

    Then they changed the original A1200 source code for the Megadrive version to multi machine ECS AMIGA only instead of 2 different versions although they had AGA code there straight from making it on an AMIGA for the Megadrive so they should have brought the original graphics to the A1200 too the bug in the code for the down to stomp had been fixed in this one but also kept multi button but downgraded it to 2 buttons to use from 3 but it was the definative version of the early days due to the stomp bug fix I’d say and due to the graphics downscaling Emporers Old Clothes looks actually old which is better style for that boss and probably would have had that change in the AGA version too had they used the code from their already made on it Megadrive version as Psygnosis Megadrive coding as with Mr. Nutz Hoppin Mad Beta was done on more powerhouse AMIGA’s and non Europe games were done on powerful PC’s and X68000’s as well.

    The final version of Puggsy was done on SEGA CD. It had a not so full CD soundtrack to be honest because the bosses used the same music but the rest of the score was there, it added 3 new bosses for the sake of adding them and the game itself was the Megadrive with the AMIGA’s stomp fix. The new bosses seemed to be all made on a VGA PC and they were all FMV Bosses.

    Have fun on Puggsy if you do it mate.

    • July 19, 2018 at 1:48 pm

      It sounds like there would be plenty to explore with that one. I’m familiar with the game without being a massive fan. A bit Dizzy-ish I suppose what with the slower, puzzle-based approach to action platforming – you can easily be stumped by it very early on if you’re expecting a purely runny-jumpy-shooty deal without any interruptions. I’ll look into it anyway. Thanks for the suggestion.

  • July 18, 2018 at 6:48 am

    Weirdly as the AMIGA ECS Leander looked like old British Monktown’s like it was in those days I think it blows the Megadrive’s graphics out of the water even though the mountins in the background on the bottom of the AMIGA one look bigger and better on the Megadrive.

    Mountins look like Molehills on the AMIGA so what the AMIGA gragics still look better as the colour shades used were of the theme.

  • July 18, 2018 at 6:53 am

    It’s the same music I believe the Megadrive just couldn’t handle playing a flute but it was made up for by making an electric sounding layer with what they could use to replace the flutes.

  • July 18, 2018 at 6:59 am

    Maybe ‘Tigrander’ (‘Tiger-Man’) was turned into Brian The Lion? They are both Big Cats.

  • July 18, 2018 at 7:08 am

    Lionheart came one year later so Leander didn’t get insperations from Lionheart.

    • July 18, 2018 at 5:56 pm

      Good catch, thanks for pointing that out. I’ve corrected it now. 🙂

  • July 18, 2018 at 2:29 pm

    heh dk, just catching up with your latest work – excellent as always and thanks for making a bunch of memories flood back for this game 🙂

    • July 18, 2018 at 6:02 pm


      Thanks, glad to hear you got a kick out of it. I think this is one of those memorable games that will take most people back whether they were a fan or not. It’s got that special enticement factor that would stop you in your tracks if you saw an advert flicking through an Amiga mag.

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